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internationalSchools in Richmond, Virginia participated in International Walk to School Day on October 8th. The schools encouraged students, parents, and teachers around the area to participate in the event aimed to teach those involved about the benefits of exercise. The day’s activities included showing students the pedestrian safety importance and a safe walking route to school. Many schools wanted to promote physical activity, good health, and safety. Linwood Holton Elementary School hosted a Mini-wellness Fair in addition to the day’s activities to teach students how to obtain healthy lifestyles.

All parents should teach their children the importance of caring for their feet. If your child needs foot treatment, see one of our podiatrists at Active Foot Care. We will care for your child’s foot needs.

How to Keep Your Child’s Feet Healthy

Throughout childhood, it is very crucial for children to have and maintain good health and proper care of their feet. With good foot health starting at an early age, foot problems and diseases can be prevented in the future. As children continue to develop so do their feet, and require different techniques of care and maintenance.


Even though babies do not begin walking until later stages, their feet should be taken care of properly:

  • Stay away from socks that are too tight for your baby’s feet. This can cause pain and allow less circulation
  • Encourage your baby to move their feet as much as possible so they feel comfortable with them

When your baby begins to learn how to walk, do not panic if they are unsteady on their feet. Toddlers are just getting used to the way in which their feet work so wobbliness is completely acceptable.
When your child grows out of their toddler years, here are a few steps they should take to stay with good health within their feet:

  • Practice proper hygiene with them
  • Be observant of any injuries that might occur

For more information about Keeping Children’s Feet Healthy, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

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Tuesday, 14 October 2014 00:00

Hammertoe Suffers Have Non-Surgical Options

 Most hammertoe patients would typically like to get corrective surgery as their inital form of treatment; however, certain insurance companies make it mandatory that patients try non-surgical treatments before surgery can be approved. A few invasive treatments include taking analgesic or anti-inflammatory drugs, even cortisone injections may ease the pain and swelling. A few non-invasive actions include making custom orthotic inserts or wearing splints to ease discomfort and prevent the condition from worsening. Splints may also be used to protect the toe from rubbing against the top of the shoe.

Regardless of the treatment you choose, hammertoes require some form of medical attention if they are to be corrected. If you are seeking treatment for a hammertoe, consult with podiatrist one of our doctors at Active Foot Care. We can attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

Hammertoe
Hammertoe is little-known a painful condition that affects the second, third and fourth toes involving different joints of the toe and foot. Hammertoe can be caused by many other conditions such as RA (rheumatoid arthritis), osteoarthritis, trauma or injuries to your foot, it can be hereditary and it can also be caused by a cerebral vascular accident. If you wear shoes that are too narrow or short for your feet, it may exacerbate any pain you already have.

It is really important to your overall well-being to seek out medical attention at the first signs of foot pain or anything that may hinder your ability to walk in a normal manner. Taking care of your feet is one of the first steps to being able to live a full and healthy life.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our office located in Brooklyn, NY. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

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A study shows that dark chocolate polyphenols can help with symptoms of peripheral artery disorder (PAD). Sapienza University scientists gathered 20 participants for this study, providing one half with dark chocolate and the other with milk chocolate.

After eating the chocolate the subjects were instructed to walk on treadmills for a set time. As the scientists monitored the patients, they found that patients who ate dark chocolate experienced better circulation and were able to walk 10% farther than those who had eaten the milk chocolate.

Poor circulation is difficult to live with. If you have poor circulation in your feet or ankles, consider calling podiatrist Dr. Alfred Sanginario of Active Foot Care. Dr. Sanginario can treat your podiatric needs.  

Poor Circulation in the Feet

Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs is caused by peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is the result of a buildup of plaque in the arteries.

 Plaque buildup or atherosclerosis results from excess calcium and cholesterol in the bloodstream. It usually restricts the amount of blood which can flow through the arteries. Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs are sometimes caused by inflammation in the blood vessels, known as vasculitis.

Causes

Lack of oxygen and oxygen from poor blood circulation restricts muscle growth and development.
It can also cause:

-muscle pain     -numbness in legs
-cramps            -skin discoloration
-weakness        -slower nail & hair growth
-stiffness          -erectile dysfunction

Those who have diabetes and or smoke are at greatest risk for poor circulation, or who are over 50.


If you have poor circulation in the feet and legs it may be caused by PAD, and is important to make changes to your lifestyle in order to reduce risk of getting a heart attack or stroke. Exercise and maintaining a healthy lifestyle will dramatically improve conditions.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot ankle injuries.

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Maria Schneider  was rescued via helicopter on the Dobratsch Mountain after she attempted to climb the 7,109 foot high mountain while wearing flip-flops. The twenty-three year old was trying to hike near the peak of the mountain when she got stuck and was not able to take another step due to her footwear. When rescuers reached Schneider, she was not dressed warmly or equipped with the proper Alpine gear. A police helicopter, eight mountain rescuers, and an alpine policeman were all involved in the rescue and Schneider remained uninjured in the event.


If you will be undertaking excessive physical activity and are looking for proper foot support, flip-flops may not be the best choice of footwear.  To learn more about the harmful long-term effects of flip-flops, consult with podiatrist Dr. Alfred Sanginario of Active Foot Care. Dr. Sanginario will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and answer any of your related questions. 


Flip-Flops and Feet
When the weather starts warming up, people enjoy wearing flip-flops.  Flip-flops are comfortable, stylish, and easy to slip on and off, perfect for any summer beach goer.  However, these shoes can cause harm to the feet.


How Can Flip-Flops Affect Me Long-Term?

  • Ankle problems
  • Hip problems
  • Lower back problems
  • Pain in the balls of the feet
  • Problems with foot arches
  • Changes in the way you walk

Are there injuries associated with flip-flops?
Yes.  Since flip-flops are relatively weak and do not provide the same amount of support as sneakers, people who wear flip-flops are more susceptible to injuries. On top of that, the open nature of the shoe makes your feet more prone to other problems, such as cuts and even infections.  Common injuries and ailments include:

  • Sprained ankles
  • Blisters
  • Infections
  • Cuts and Scrapes

I like wearing flip-flops, are there safe alternatives?
When buying flip-flops, try to find ones that have sturdy soles and are made of high quality materials that will support for your feet.  These flip-flops will cost more, but will also last longer as a result.


For more information about Flip Flops, follow the link below.


If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot ankle injuries.


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Due to a high ankle sprain that occurred during a team practice, Dee Milliner of the New York Jets will be spending four to six weeks off of the field. The swelling of the sprain resembles that of a Grade 2 sprain, although the official details of Milliner’s injury have not been announced to the public.

Milliner will be spending all of his time on the bench during the first game of the regular season to ensure a quick and full recovery from his injury. While the Cornerback is out recovering, Antonio Allen and Ellis Lankster will most likely be chosen to temporarily take his place. Jets coach Rex Ryan had stated in a press conference that he, as well as the other team officials, felt as though Milliner’s condition was healing properly.  

Some sprained ankles can be extremely worse than others, in any case it is always best to make sure your ankle is fully healed before engaging in strenuous activity. If your ankle is sprained, consult with Dr. Alfred Sanginario of Active Foot Care. Dr. Sanginario will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and answer all of your related questions.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Happen?

This type of injury takes place when the ligaments are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured; however, even the simple act of walking may cause a sprain. If footing is lost or you are walking on uneven terrain, ankle damage may occur.


What are the Symptoms?

  • Mild to moderate bruising
  • Limited mobility
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration of the skin, depending on severity

Is there a Way to Care for my Ankle at Home?

Self-care for ankle sprains includes propping the ankle up and keeping it elevated, applying ice packs as needed, and remaining off your feet. Some may also find that wrapping the ankle with an ACE bandage and taking over-the-counter pain relievers are helpful. One of the most important things is to avoid further stress to the affected area.


Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits can aid in prevention

 
Treatment of a Sprain

Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity.  Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast, which will allow you to walk while stabilizing the ankle. 


If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office in Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.


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The Nurses’ Health Study and the Nurses’ Health Study II both indicate that a woman’s chances of contracting rheumatoid arthritis (RA) increase by 63% if she drinks soda on a regular basis.  To make matters worse, this increase spikes up to 164% if the patient happens to be over the age of 55.

The first NHS study involved 79,000 American women, while the second NHS study consisted of 107,330. The participants involved in the study were asked every four years about how often they drank soda.  The data did not show any correlation between drinking diet soda and contracting RA.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a very painful disease. For foot and ankle care, visit podiatrist Dr. Alfred Sanginario of Active Foot Care. Dr. Sanginario can treat your podiatric needs.  

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Inflammation of the lining and eventually the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone occurs, causing severe pain and immobility.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet
Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, almost 90 percent of cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area. Pain often initially presents in the toes before the condition worsens and spreads throughout the entire foot. Rheumatoid arthritis appears to be genetically inherited, so if you have a family history of RA, you may be predisposed to suffer from it as well.

Symptoms
- Swelling & pain in the feet
- Stiffness in the feet
- Pain on the ball or sole of feet

Diagnosis
Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that the podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, occupation, and lifestyle to determine the origin of the condition.

For more information about Rheumatoid Arthritis, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read more about Rheumatoid Arthritis

Wednesday, 03 September 2014 00:00

Shoe Inserts May Prevent Tendon Injuries

Dr. Jonathan Sinclair of the University of Central Lancashire conducted a study regarding orthotic insoles and how they can prevent an Achilles tendon injury. The study focused on 12 male runners and observed them as they ran with and without orthotic insoles. The surface they ran on was a mat equipped with special sensors to measure their strike force.

The study shows that wearing orthotic insoles improved the runners’ resistances to Achilles tendon injuries by dampening the amount of pressure of the tendon in question. “This probably happens because orthotics offer further cushioning to that already provided by the shoe midsole,” Dr. Sinclair claims.

Achilles tendon injuries can be very serious and should always be treated by a medical professional. If you think you have this kind of condition, pay a visit to podiatrist Dr. Alfred Sanginario of Active Foot Care. Dr. Sanginario can help you make a complete recovery from your Achilles tendon issue.

What is the Achilles Tendon?
The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body, and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can cause severe difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.


What are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?
There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon. 


Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms
- Inflammation
- Dull to Severe Pain
- Increased blood flow to the tendon
- Thickening of the tendon


Rupture Symptoms
- Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
- Total immobility


Treatment and Prevention
Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation. Often the doctor will order an MRI to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment will involve rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries.
For more information about Achilles Tendon Injuries, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read more about Achilles Tendon Injuries

Wednesday, 27 August 2014 00:00

Research Suggests Going Bare Isn't All There

A study conducted by University of Colorado doctoral student Jason Franz found that the barefoot running trend may not be beneficial. Conducted in the University’s Locomotion Lab, the study found that people run more efficiently with shoes on their feet than by going barefoot.

The experiments that were conducted by the researchers studied runners’ air intake and exhalation while running on a treadmill. The study concluded the body requires three to four percent more energy exertion while the runner is running barefoot. Jason Franz thinks that the adjustments made while running barefoot must require more energy exertion by the body.

Barefoot running can be a very effective way to exercise if done correctly. To get help and advice with this type of running technique, contact podiatrist Dr. Alfred Sanginario of Active Foot Care. Dr. Sanginario will instruct you on what precautions you should take before starting and answer any questions you have.

Barefoot Running

The Impact of Barefoot Running
-Running without shoes changes the motion of your running, as most running is done by landing on the heel of the feet.
-Running barefoot requires a different way of running; the landing is done on the front part of the feet.

The Advantages of Barefoot Running

-When running and landing on the front feet, the impact on the feet and ankle is reduced, this can reduce stress injuries.
-It strengthens muscles in the feet and ankles and the lower legs.
-Balance of the body is improved and there is a greater sensory input from the feet to the rest of the body.

The Drawbacks of Barefoot Running
-No protection while running, makes it likely that runners will land on sharp objects and scrapes, bruises and cuts on the feet will result.
-Blisters may form.
-Possibility of plantar fascia problems.
-Risk of getting Achilles tendonitis.

So what can runners do to make barefoot running safe? It’s best to make a slow transition from running shoes to barefoot running. Once the feet begin to adjust, try walking, then jogging and gradually increasing the distance. Minimalist running shoes may also be an option.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read more about Barefoot Running

 University of Queensland scientists conducted research indicating the plantar fascia is not the only muscle in the foot that can provide arch support. The first experiment involved weights being tied to the knees of two test subjects. The scientists monitored the responses of the muscles in their feet.

The second experiment involved electrical stimulation was performed soon after, showing that when activated, these tissues caused the arch to rise. Dr. Glen Lichtwark believes this could play an important role in fields focusing on the feet.

The biomechanics are the cogs behind the gears that manage your feet. If you would like more information, see podiatrist Dr. Alfred Sanginario of Active Foot Care. Dr. Sanginario can provide in-depth information as well as measure your personal foot biomechanics.   

A History of Biomechanics

- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974 biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination to the area.
Modern technology improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes providing a better understanding of podiatry concepts for biomechanics. Computers provide accurate determinations about the forces, moments and patterns of the foot and lower legs with the most important information captured.
Advances in materials and more awareness of biomechanics have developed enhanced corrective methods, offering further options for foot-related injuries. Understanding foot biomechanics can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read more about Biomechanics of Podiatry.  

Wednesday, 13 August 2014 00:00

YaserKasim Deals with Nerve Damage in Foot

pic1YaserKasim, a midfielder for the Swindon Town Robins soccer team, has had to take time off during the current preseason to rest his injured foot. A nerve in Kasim’s foot became inflamed after a recent accident, and he had to get a special injection to help ease the pain. He missed Swindon’s games in Petersfield and Eastleigh but was able to join the Robins in their loss to Southampton.

Kasim was used as a sweeper during another recent game, but what he really wants is to be back on the field in his usual position of midfielder. “I need to do what’s good for me and what’s right for me to be ready for the season and help the team,” he said.

Like in Kasim’s nerve case, nerve disorders in the feet can often be a huge burden. If you think there’s a problem with the nerves in your feet, see podiatrist Dr. Alfred Sanginario of Active Foot Care. Dr. Sanginariocan figure out what the problem is and apply his unmatched medical expertise to solving it.

Nerve Disorders of the Foot and Ankle

There are two nerve disorders of the foot and ankle called Interdigital Neuroma and Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome. These conditions affect the hands as well, and are caused by stress and genetics. People who suffer from Interdigital Neuroma and Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome are prone to serious pain and inflammation in the area.

Pain that is associated with Interdigital Neuroma is often from local inflammation in the nerves in the front of the foot. Symptoms include pain, burning, and/or tingling sensations of the toes.

There are several steps a doctor will take to determine if one has Neuroma such as: radiographs, MRIs, and bone scans. Surgery isn’t required in many instances, and should only be considered when the patient is suffering from persistent pain.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome is a condition that is less common than Interdigital Neuroma. It only seems to affect patients who have severe ankle pain which begins in the bottom of the foot extending all the way to the calf. 

For more information about Nerve Disorders of the Foot and Ankle, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read more about Nerve Disorders of the Foot and Ankle

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